Growing your own blackcurrants, redcurrants & whitecurrants
On receipt remove the plant from the packaging immediately. Check the compost is moist and water if necessary.
Care of the plants These plants have already been grown on to ﬁll the pot provided. The plant can now be enjoyed in it’s present container or planted into a larger container to suit the growing position chosen. Citrus trees grow best in a sunny greenhouse, conservatory or windowsill with a minimum temperature of 4ºC (38ºF). They will also thrive outside in a sunny sheltered spot during hot summer weather. In a dry atmosphere leaf drop can occur, therefore plants should be stood on a saucer containing gravel and water which is away from radiators.Water thoroughly each time the surface of the compost becomes dry. In the summer months watering may be daily during hot weather and fortnightly during the cool winter months, just enough to keep the roots moist. Do not allow the compost to become soggy and waterlogged as this will kill the roots. Feeding the plants weekly during the spring and summer with a citrus fertiliser or seaweed -based fertiliser will promote fruit growth. Citrus do not thrive with high salt levels in the compost so taking the plant outside twice a year and drenching with lots of clean water will prevent any build up of excess fertiliser salts.
Fruiting and Pruning Citrus are very rewarding plants to look after, providing endless interest as the small scented white ﬂowers appear in spring, followed by small fruit as the ﬂowers fade. With the correct conditions the fruit will grow steadily over the next six months until they ripen. The fruits can be picked off or left on the tree for ornamental purposes. To encourage a bushy plant and to maintain a good shape, plants can be trimmed just as the new growth starts to sprout in the spring.
Upon Receipt Plant without delay, providing soil and weather conditions are favourable. Should this not be possible your plants can be kept for a short while in a cool place having first opened the top of the bag. Do not, however, remove the protective covering from around the roots until you are ready to plant.
Site & preparation Blackcurrants prefer a well drained, fertile soil, in a sunny position which is sheltered from cold winds. The site should be well worked to a depth of 25cm (10") incorporating plenty of organic material such as well rotted manure or garden compost. Care should be taken to pick out all roots of perennial weeds. Apply a base dressing of general fertiliser as per the Manufacturers recommendation.
Planting This should take place as soon as possible, provided soil and weather conditions are suitable, e.g. not overwet or frozen. Remove the protective covering from around the roots and soak in water for 20 minutes should they appear at all dry. Dig a planting hole large enough to accommodate roots easily and plant about 2.5cm (1") lower than it was previously grown in the Nursery, firming the soil well. Plants should be spaced 1.2m (4') apart, with a 1.5m (5') space between rows. Immediately after planting, prune each root to 2-3 growth buds from the ground. This will encourage strong new growth which will carry the following seasons’ fruit.
Pruning In the winter, following the first season of growth, prune to ground level all weak or damaged shoots. Thereafter pruning should take place after the fruit has been harvested, retaining strong new shoots that arise from the base of your bush. If new shoots are plentiful cut out most of the old wood which has fruited otherwise remove a third of these old branches, pruning to a strong young shoot near the base of the bush.
Further cultural treatment It is essential to prevent the plants from drying out in the first year. Keep well watered. It may also be necessary to water in dry weather as the fruits begin to swell.
REDCURRANTS & WHITECURRANTS
Site & preparation As per Blackcurrants.
Planting As for Blackcurrants except plants should be set in the soil at the same level as they were grown in the Nursery. There should be a short stem, known as the 'leg', above ground level. Plants should be spaced 1.5m (5') apart with a 1.8m (6') gap between rows. Immediately after planting, prune each main shoot by half, to an outward facing bud unless branches are drooping, in which case prune to an upward facing bud.
Pruning In the winter following the first season of growth, prune leading shoots by a half, to an outward facing bud. 8-10 branches should be pruned in this manner to produce the main framework of your bush. Any additional shoots should be shortened to 5cm (2"). Remove all damaged, weak and overcrowded shoots. Repeat this process each year, try to develop a strong bush with an open centre.
Further cultural treatment As per Blackcurrants.
Whether you are looking for Red Currant, Black Currant or White Currant plants then make sure view the range available from Suttons Seeds. Currants often produce bumper crops and our plants produce some of the largest.
When you buy a currant plant from Suttons you will be receiving an established plant despatching at just the right time for you to successfully plant and grow on. Quality guaranteed.